Considered to be one of the most prestigious courses a student can pursue, the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery course - or to give it its proper Latin name, Medicine Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae – more popularly known as MBBS, is the predominant medical undergraduate course in India. It is the accepted route to becoming a doctor of modern medicine in the country. As can be expected, the competition for seats in an MBBS course is intense. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), in reply to a question, asked in the Lok Sabha on March 23, 2018, shared that the total number of MBBSseats in the country is around 66,620. For these seats, the number of candidates annually applying is close to 13 lakh.

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS MBBS) entrance exam and the Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER MBBS) entrance exam. While the latter two are respectively conducted by AIIMS New Delhi and JIPMER Puducherry, both prominent Institutes of National Importance (INIs), NEET was conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) till 2018 and will be conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) from 2019 onwards. NEET is also the exam most in demand since it offers the most seats. As per the latest figures released by the CBSE, more than 12 lakh aspirants appeared for NEET in 2018 for the approximately 65,000 MBBS seats on offer.

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)


The basic eligibility for admission in any of the Medical Colleges is 10+2 with 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology along with English. However, this is not the only criteria for admission; the students have to take an entrance exam in order to prove themselves fit for the admission in any of the medical colleges. The compulsory entrance exam for admission in MBBS course in India is NEET. However some institutions like AIIMS and JIPMER is conducting their entrance exam separately for admission to their institution only, AIIMS requires an aggregate of 60% for the general category candidates and 50% for SC/ST candidates.


The admission process for MBBS course starts with the application of NEET, as this entrance exam is compulsory for admission in medical courses in India.

Usually, the forms for the entrance exams are available online. The forms for AIIMS are available in the last week of January and the entrance exam usually takes place in the last week of May. Similarly, other entrance exams also take place in the months of May-June after the result of 10+2 is declared. Once the result for the entrance exam is declared, the students are called for counseling based on the merit prepared considering both the marks obtained in the entrance exam and the qualifying (10+2) exam. The mode of testing is an objective type test, testing the basic knowledge of a candidate based on the subjects studied in 10+1 and 10+2 from CBSE, NCERT and COBSE along with various state syllabi. The main aim and objective of the entrance test is to evaluate the basic knowledge and aptitude of the candidates taking up the prestigious course of MBBS. The colleges who offer this course assume that the students enrolled have a pre-knowledge of the fundamentals of the courses. Along with these modes of admission to MBBS, there is also a provision for direct admission to around 30 Medical colleges all over India through Management Quota seats.
Currently, only Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna provides a correspondence course in MBBS.

Entrance Exams for MBBS:-

  • NEET


Medicine and Surgery is one such field which is always in demand. Once graduated from a reputed college with an internship completed, one gets the opportunity to either work with a hospital as a practicing doctor or could start their own individual clinics. One can either work as a general physician or pursue specialization and work in that field.

The other career options include the profiles of a medical officer, admin coordinators, internist, physician and sectors like clinical research. The job profile of a medical superintendent or a medical director (MD) is also a promising career option after MBBS

  • Medical Officer
  • General Physician
  • Healthcare Research and Consultant
  • Surgeon
  • Medical Superintendent
  • Dietician


Fee varies from Rs. 35000 to Rs.20 Lacs per year.


Duration of MBBS course is 5.5 years


On average, a general practitioner earns around 5.5 lacs, while a surgeon earns 7.5 lacs. Job profiles like that of specialists like pathologist, pediatrician, gynecologist, orthopedist, cardiologist etc. offer a salary package of around 10 to 12 lacs. In terms of salary, a radiologist and an anesthetist get the highest pay scales of around 14.5 to 16 lacs. The job of a medical representative pays around 2 to 5.7 lacs while that of a chief medical officer pays around 8 lacs per annum. There is also a job of a dietician and nutritionist if someone is interested in the health sector; it pays around 2 lacs to 6 lacs per annum. While, on the other hand, a paramedic earns about 2.2 lacs to 5.3 lacs per annum.


As per the Medical Council of India, the course spans for 9 semesters that is, four and a half year followed by a mandatory internship of one year. The syllabus is divided as Pre-clinical, which covers mainly the first two semesters of the course focusing on the basic knowledge of various subjects like anatomy, physiology etc. The second phase is the Para-Clinical which spans for three semesters (one and a half years), focuses on the teaching of subjects like forensic medicine, pathology etc along with the essential aspect of the course- Community Medicine. The third phase is the Clinical phase which focuses on practical knowledge and practice along with subjects like psychiatry, pediatrics etc.

The syllabus is medical education in India is as follows:

  • Anatomy
  • Bio-Chemistry
  • Physiology
  • Community Medicine
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology
  • Clinical posting inwards and OPDS
  • Community Medicine
  • Medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology) Obst.
  • Gynae
  • Pediatrics
  • Surgery and allied subjects (anesthesiology, ENT, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics)
  • Clinical Postings
Click here for syllabus of MBBS in detail-


In India, the MBBS course is one of the reputed course among students and their parents. As the medical education is not easily accessible for all, getting a seat in MBBS course in India itself a tuff Job. Doctors are getting huge respect in our society apart from a very attractive salary and overall earning. Most of the doctors in India are earning more than 20 lakhs per year. After completion of MBBS, most Doctors are going for PG courses also along with their practice.


  • Fortis Health care
  • Apollo Hospitals
  • Columbia Asia
  • Medanta
  • Max Health Care
  • Dr. Lal Path Labs
  • Global Hospitals
  • Wockhardt Hospitals and
  • Care Hospitals

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